Walking along the canal between stands of irises the other day I caught a whiff of something delightfully fragrant, so I had a look ’round. Never did find that flower, but I did find a hophornbeam.

Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) is a small tree in the birch family (Betulaceae) that’s native to eastern North America, ranging from northern Florida north into Canada and west into parts of the Great Plains. In Maryland hophornbeam grows in the piedmont and west, with occasional occurrences in the coastal plain. Two other species of Ostrya are native to North America, but they’re found only in the desert Southwest.


The flowers are imperfect and inconspicuous catkins; female and male flowers are borne on the same tree. It’s the fruit that gets noticed, nice little nutlets that resemble common hops.


It’s a handsome tree, with small, doubly serrated dark green leaves and somewhat shaggy bark. Look for it growing in dry woodlands, usually as an understory tree. Given more sun it can reach heights of 50 feet or more. (The national champion is 74 feet tall.)



Just for comparison, here’s a tree with truly shaggy bark: shagbark hickory (Carya ovata, Juglandaceae).

5 thoughts on “Hophornbeam

  1. It’s my favorite tree. As an under story tree , its found in forests, places I like to be! Thank you for your wonderful blogs.

  2. What a timely post! I photographed this earlier today near Ithaca NY. I’m just taking a break from identifying flowers to read blogs. Thanks for helping me out!

      • Love everything about the Finger Lakes. We’ve been going up for several years, about this time every year. I’m becoming much more observant about wildflowers, and found several that I haven’t yet identified. I’m enjoying the process. I discovered your blog a couple of months ago after Googling some flower.

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