The earliest ephemerals are out and blooming a few hundred miles away, in South Carolina, but it’ll be a few more weeks before they start blooming here in the mid-Atlantic. Here’s a sneak preview of what’s to come, presented more or less in the order in which they bloom. All of these should be blooming by the end of March at the latest.
Erigenia bulbosa (harbinger-of-spring, pepper and salt; Apiaceae)
One of the first up, sometimes as early as late February. Look for it in moist woods but you have to be eagle-eyed to spot it (note the dime sitting there for scale). Just as I was finishing this post, a friend reported seeing harbinger blooming here in the Maryland Piedmont today!
Anemone americana (round-lobe hepatica; Ranunculaceae)
A hibernal plant; the leaves usually wither away by the time the flowers bloom, or soon after. If you see the leaves now, note the location and check back in a few weeks for the flowers.
Lindera benzoin (spicebush; Lauraceae)
Don’t forget to look up once in awhile! This very common understory shrub is one of the first plants to bloom in our area.
Arabidopsis lyrata (lyre-leaved rockcress; Brassicaceae)
This plant has a long bloom period, often starting early in the season. Look for it growing right on large rocks, as the common name suggests. The sight of a mass of these delicate blossoms dancing in even the slightest breeze fills me with joy.
Cardamine concatenata (cut-leaf toothwort; Brassicaceae)
Such a dainty thing.
Corydalis flavula (short-spurred corydalis and many other common names; Papaveraceae)
Another petite flower, easy to miss. You have to get very close to see all the ornate details.
Micranthes virginiensis (early saxifrage; Saxifragaceae)
This fine specimen is one of the largest I’ve seen. I usually find them in rocky places.
Dicentra canadensis (squirrel corn; Papaveraceae)
The delicate, lacy, ferny foliage is almost identical to that of Dutchman’s breeches; you have to see the plants flowering to tell them apart with confidence.
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s breeches; Papaveraceae)
From my limited observation, this species is usually waning when squirrel corn is just getting started. There’s a hillside on the Cabin John Trail that’s covered in these plants.
Next time, more teasers.